These are typical calendar milestones that we recommend you schedule in your project team so that you have a smooth writing process. However each team differs, and you may have different milestones.

Be sure to note the NSF text required in the paper.

Week 3: Problem Area Paragraph 

Week 4: IRB Application Drafted

Week 5: Research Question 
Week 5: Literature Review Paragraph 
Week 5: Methods Paragraph 

Week 6: Mid-Project Oral Presentations

Week 7: Poster Draft 

Week 8: Research Paper Draft 

Week 9: Final Poster Due

Week 10: Final Research Paper Due (Be sure to include NSF required text).

Paper Milestones

Problem Area Paragraph

Introduces the reader to the space/scope of the problem you intend to address with your investigation and subsequent design, i.e. lack of computer interfaces for the visually impaired. Why are you doing this research? Why should the reader care?

Research Question

This is the specific matter you are trying to address with your project formulated in question form, i.e. Is X graphic interface transferable to an audio solution for the visually impaired? This needs to be specific and guides your inquiry which may be formulated as a research question or hypothesis. Don’t overpromise! It’s easy to say something far too broad. For example, “Will robotic haptics improve human-robot interaction?” That would take years to answer. Along with the question, you might define your terms briefly. If you say “Improve”, what does that mean? Time? Stress levels? Energy costs? You should have the higher level (overpromised) question in mind, but your paper should be addressing the specific question answerable through your study.

Literature Review Paragraph

This is the part when you look at what has been done before in the topic. It allows you to avoid errors and not repeat solutions that have already been tried. Journal papers and conference proceedings are the most up to date in interface design (ACM, SIGCHI, CHI). You are telling the reader a story, so, you should not simply list the literature saying X did Y and such, you should discuss (briefly) the merit of the contribution and how that applies to your work. Lit reviews should not read like laundry lists. The literature review should say who did what and how it relates to the field/problem areas as well as its relation to your own work. If you need help in understanding this look at some of the background sections of papers you are reading and how they present the literature.

Methods Paragraph

How do you plan to accomplish your goal? Explain in detail so that if any other researcher wants to repeat your processes, he/she will get at the same results.

Results Paragraph

Explain in detail the results of your design, experiments, usability study. Elaborate on your contributions to the literature (previous studies) and the limitations of your study/design.

Research Paper Full Draft

At this point your full paper should be completed for review by you and your peers. Get feedback from your peers and incorporate it into your final draft.

Research Paper Final Draft

You’re done! All of the feedback that you received should be addressed/incorporated into your paper.

NSF Required Text

The National Science Foundation requires that you include the following text in your acknowledgments or somewhere:

This material supported in part by the National Science Foundation Grant CNS-1461160.

Poster Milestones

Poster Draft

Additional Poster Requirements

  • The poster must include the ISU logo.
  • The poster must include the NSF logo.
  • The poster must include the text: Funded by NSF Grant CNS-1461160

Poster Final Draft

You will turn in an electronic file of your poster to Amy, who will submit this to Printing Services. You will be asked to walk over to Printing Services to proof your poster before it is printed.


Poster_Template_Landscape (PowerPoint)
Poster_Template_Portrait (PowerPoint)
Poster_Template_Landscape (Illustrator)
Poster_Template_Portrait (Illustrator)

Presentation Milestones

Mid Project Oral Presentation

Specs: 8 minutes for presentation, 4 minutes for Q&A

PowerPoint Slides:

  • 1-2 Slides – Problem Area
  • 1 Slide – Research Question
  • 1 Slide – Literature Review
  • 1 Slide about Methods (if known)

Include images (photos, illustrations, clipart…). Well designed slides help to keep the audience’s attention giving more time to convey your information. You can adjust the slide numbers slightly if needed, but watch out that you don’t exceed 10 slides. Usually you count 1 slide per minute. (Numbered on the lower right corner, please).

Audience: Academic Peers

Goals: Convey what your team is doing and present yourselves as good researchers.


How to Give an Academic Talk


Demo Practice Session

Practice your symposium pitch to your peers on the research that your did this summer.

Research Symposium

Iowa State University will host a campus wide Research Symposium on Friday, July 31 from 1 – 3 pm in the Howe Hall Atrium. All summer REU programs on campus will participate. SPIRE-EIT interns will present their posters and technical demonstrations of their research at this time. The public is invited.